You are given a block of text which explains the theory of this concept.
Once you have read the theory, do the exercises given below to test how well you have understood the ideas.
How to do the Exercises:
You are given a set of words.
You are also given some sentences with input boxes, and you are required to use the words to complete the sentences correctly.
You can put your chosen word into the input box by first clicking on the word and then in the input box.
The word will appear in the input box.
If it is correct, it will go green, and if not, it will go red.
PET - SOME, ANY
Nouns can be classified in two ways, COUNTABLE and NOT COUNTABLE or UNCOUNTABLE.
A countable noun can be counted, like PEOPLE.
A not countable noun cannot be counted, like MUSIC.
When used with countable nouns, SOME means an undefined plural number, and is used with ARE.
There ARE SOME French people at the party.(We don't know how many.)
When used with uncountable nouns, SOME means an undefined amount, and is used with IS.
There IS SOME milk in the fridge.(We don't know how much.)
SOME and ANY mean the same thing.
SOME is used for POSITIVE sentences and ANY is used for NEGATIVE sentences and QUESTIONS.
There are SOME French people at the party. (positive)
There aren't ANY French people at the party. (negative)
Are there ANY French people at the party? (question)
SOMEBODY, ANYBODY, NOBODY, EVERYBODY
SOMEBODY means a a single unknown person.
There is SOMEBODY in the kitchen. (one undefined person)
The rules for SOME and ANY apply to SOMEBODY, SOMEWHERE, SOMETHING, SOMETIME.
There is SOMEBODY in the kitchen. (positive)
There isn't ANYBODY in the kitchen. (negative)
Is there ANYBODY in the kitchen? (question)
A negative sentence using ANYBODY can be changed into a positive sentence using NOBODY.
There isn't ANYBODY in the kitchen.
There is NOBODY in the kitchen.
EVERYBODY means all the individual people.
It can be used for all kinds of sentences.
EVERYBODY is in the garden.(positive)
EVERYBODY is not here. (negative)
Is EVERYBODY here? (question)
The same logic applies to SOMETHING, ANYTHING, NOTHING and EVERYTHING.
There is SOMETHING in my hand.(positive)
There isn't ANYTHING in my hand.(negative)
There is NOTHING in my hand.(positive)
EVERYTHING is in my pocket.(positive)