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You are given a block of text which explains the theory of this concept.

Once you have read the theory, do the exercises given below to test how well you have understood the ideas.


How to do the Exercises:


You are given a set of words.

You are also given some sentences with input boxes, and you are required to use the words to complete the sentences correctly.


You can put your chosen word into the input box by first clicking on the word and then in the input box.


The word will appear in the input box.


If it is correct, it will go green, and if not, it will go red.


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DIRECT SPEECH is what someone says when they speak.
If you hear this and then tell someone what was said, that is REPORTED SPEECH
- Joe said, "I like playing football." (This is DIRECT SPEECH.)
- Joe said that he liked playing football. (This is REPORTED SPEECH.)

Some changes have to be made to go from DIRECT SPEECH to REPORTED SPEECH.

REPORTED SPEECH is one step in the past from DIRECT SPEECH, because it happens after the original words were said.
So the verb has to change.
- LIKE playing becomes LIKED playing.
- LIKED pasta becomes HAD LIKED pasta.
All the correct verb changes are shown in these diagrams.

The pronouns also need to be changed.
- I like.... becomes HE liked.

You need to be careful when working with questions in REPORTED SPEECH.
They will be discussed in the next section, along with time elements.

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  • WAS
  • BEEN
  • HAD

"I was very busy."

He said he had (1) very busy.

"I am working."

He said he (2) working.

"I will help you."

He said he (3) help me.

"I can pay you."

He said he (4) pay me.

"I have been thinking."

He said he (5) been thinking.


My sister said she had never played chess before.

" I (6) never played chess before."

"You have done very well," Maria's mother said.

Maria mother told her she (7) very well.

"Close that window."

She told him (8) the window.

They warned me not to go.

They said, " (9) go."

My coach told me I had to practise every day.

"You (10) practise everyday," said my coach.